Officinal Plants Section
A large number of plants contain useful substances, which are of utmost importance for human consumption, medicine, handmade goods, and technology, even in cases where these substances can be chemically synthesized at a commercially cheaper price. Most of today’s spices and medicinal remedies are plant based. The importance of medicinal plants in human history can be traced back thousands of years, when such use was first documented. The oldest such document, Papyrus Ebers, comes from Egypt around 1550 B.C.E. and is a collection of medicinal recipies with descriptions of the remedies, their preparation, and dosage. Additionally, the herb books of the 16th century were an important source for plant knowledge in the centuries to follow, and the many monastic gardens, where mostly medicinal plants were cultivated, can be seen as the predecessors of today’s botanical gardens.
In the officinal plants section of the Botanical Garden, you will find plants arranged according to their compounds and utilization. The number of plants containing poisonous substances is particularly high in this section.